The World Million Tree day movement is celebrated on January 10. This activity is held so that people are aware of the role of trees for people’s lives and maintaining a balance of ecosystems.
Trees, living stems with green leaves, and have an amazing photosynthesis process, become important natural components for humans and animals. Trees are known to reduce CO2 levels in the air and produce O2. Trees can also hold back the rate of water so that more will be absorbed into the soil. In fact, a single tree produces approximately 260 pounds of oxygen per year. That means two mature trees can supply enough oxygen annually to support a family of four. But do you know that every two seconds across the world, an area of forest the size of a football field is clear-cut by illegal loggers? In some countries, up to 90 percent of all the logging taking place is illegal. Estimates suggest that this criminal activity generates approximately US$10–15 billion annually worldwide funds that are unregulated, untaxed, and often remain in the hands of organized criminal gangs. Thus far, domestic and international efforts to tackle forest crimes have focused on preventive actions, but they have had little or no significant impact. As a results, various problems which disturb the ecosystem harmony happen. One of them is conflict between human and fauna. In 2018, human conflicts with protected wildlife in Riau Province increased sharply from the previous year. Until November 2018, the Riau Center for Natural Resources Conservation (BBKSDA) noted that 35 cases had occurred. The animals feel that their home range is narrow. Moreover, hunting for wild animal feed is also a lot, so sometimes the animals come out of their habitat to look for food. So how can we make the conflict end?